i love english language

3.2 – Facebook Chat Analysis

1

hi

hi

bye though

seems abrupt, more personal and informal if speaker is comfortable enough to say this, spoken feature

teas ready

“teas” instead of “tea’s” or “tea is”, non-standard use of grammar, more spoken feature

oh?

my babysitter people have got a puppy! cant wait to see ittttttttttt

“itttt” non-standard use of grammar, makes the writing more conversational and seems less blunt, almost acts as a colloquialism

right bye, back in a bizzle

“bizzle” almost like an abbreviation as both people involved in the conversation know this means “bit”, shows a shared knowledge and makes conversation more informal

xxx

im backkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk

HI

benjamin francis leftwhich has a new one

“benjamin francis leftwhich” reflects apparent ambiguity as both speakers evidently know what topic of conversation is now although it has not been explicitly stated

GET ON IT

what is it?

ill find out

not as good as atlas hands

“it is” is missed out at the beginning of the sentence, not necessary as other speaker still understands meaning of the phrase, more informal

pictures i thinkkkkkkk

i loooove that, forgot all about it

same

“same” conversational lexis, more informal and therefore more spoken

listen to the link on your wall

ok one min

“min” abbreviation for minute, shared knowledge between both speakers, makes this more personal and more formal

listening to atlas hands

good shoi

*good shout

i statused it

“statused” this is an example of conversion, as there is an incorrectly used inflection, showing non-standard use of grammar, more spoken

whats his new one called

Although this is a question, no question mark is used, showing it is more spontaneous and non-standard, language is more spoken

pictures i think

GOOD LINK PHOB

i love that adele song!!

i knoww how sick is the remix!!

“sick” informal, as slang is used

lolling at the mans voice

its amazing with the clapping

hahahahahaa i know i was pissing myself when i first heard it, but its actually really good if you listen to the whole thing

yeh i am doing

“yeh” conversational lexis

watch one born every minute

no mate its glee

“mate” colloquialism, more conversational tone, more spoken

at 9

ill watch it on 4OD

nah glee is shite

“nah” colloquial and conversational

“shite” taboo language, more informal as well as being more personal, speaker does not mind telling the other her opinion on the programme, even if it is negative

yeah but you have to watch the first episode

then i’ll see how it goes

so yeah im off to watch glee

ok fi=air enough

“fi=air” meant to be “fair” so a mistake has been made making it more spontaneous, more spoken tone

byeeeeeeee

BYExxx

xcxx

whole conversation is interactive and immediate, making the text mostly written

 

2

 

A: You doin tonight?

B: Nothing being a bit of a social tard
B: You?

A: Just probs work

B: As in school work or chilli banana work?

A:Exam work

B: Funnn. I really cba with mine
B: why don’t you just not do your work and come out

A: Could do theres nothing to do though

B: Alsooo we need to sort out summer

A: Ahhh I know what are we gonna do!!  We should probs go to like  a travel agents or something theres no way we’ll get everything all organised and get the cheapest deal etcc by just looking ourselves.

B: I dnoo but we need to get it sorted. Im happy to go to like Malia or Zante or somethinn.

A: Hmm I just want to avoid goin somewhere that EVERYONE goes to though..

B: Yeh that’s trueee. Anyway I need to go but are you gonna come out later?

A: Well have you got any plans already cause if not you could come here for a chill

B: ermm no Ive not really goin for a driving lesson now then was just gonna sort something out when I got back.

A: what times your lesson finish?? Ive got a free so you could just come whenever

B: yehh it finishes at 7. Do you think X would be bothered if I went to yours?

A: Well X doesn’t have a right to be bothered, or we just wont say

B: haha chillinn yeah only thing is I’ll have to get the met which is loadsaaa effort..

A: that a hint for me to pick you up?

B: no…

A: ha whatever I will just bbm me when youre ready

B: J will do byeeee xx

A: See ya laterr xxxxx

B: xxx

Analysis

‘You doin tonight?’ – The auxiliary verb, ‘are’ is omitted, however as the participants are familiar with each other, they each understand the meaning behind what is being said, despite the incomplete structure; What are you doing tonight? The question could also be said to be phatic, as the person may not truly wish to know what the other is going to do, but may simply just want to start the conversation.

‘Just probs work’ – The adverb of degree, probably, is abbreviated to just, ‘probs,’ showing that the participants are familiar with each other, as they are using more colloquial, spoken language. The structure of the minor sentence is also non-standard; normally, probably would come before just in more formal, written texts.

‘Ahhh I know what are we gonna do!!’ –  The hesitation indicator,’ Ahh’ is used to allow the speaker to retain their turn in the conversation. In this sentence it is also used to emphasis the speaker’s panic and frustration, as they don’t know what to do. There is also a lack of punctuation in the sentence, so that there are no commas separating the two clauses, showing that the text is more spoken than written, as it uses non standard grammar.

‘what times your lesson finish??’ – The interrogative sentence uses non-standard grammar, not beginning with a capital letter and repeating the question mark at the end, showing that it is a more spoken text rather than written, and also implies that it is spontaneous rather than planned. The speaker also uses a plural incorrectly as a conjunction; ‘times’ does not mean something more than once, it is short for, time does, the speaker having forgotten to use an apostrophe, again showing that this text is more spontaneous than planned.

‘ Yeh that’s trueee. Anyway I need to go but are you gonna come out later?’ – The colloquialism, ’Yeh,’ along with, ‘gonna,’ is used to show that the speakers are familiar with one another, as is the petition of the letter e at the end of, ‘trueee,’ the non standard spelling making the text more spoken than written. The extension of the word could also be done to retain the speaker’s turn or to allow them a brief moment to think. The discourse marker, ‘Anyway,’ is used by the speaker to divert the conversation away from one topic and to focus it on another, allowing the speaker to control the conversation.

‘Hmm I just want to avoid goin somewhere that EVERYONE goes to though..’ – The filler,’ Hmm’ is used to allow the speaker to retain their turn in the conversation, as well as indicate to the other participant that they are thinking and have something they wish to say. The word everyone is typed in full capital letters, the emphatic stress used to emphasis the point that the speaker doesn’t want to go to a popular holiday resort. Capital letters are used as the speaker has no visual means of emphasis, so variation in the type of text, such as italic or capitals, is the only way possible to place emphasis on words.

‘ha whatever I will just bbm me when youre ready’ – The sentence is devoid of any punctuation, there being no commas to separate the clauses or a full stop, showing that the participants are familiar with one another to understand the sentence, even when the  lack of punctuation between clauses makes it difficult to initially understand.  The speaker also uses non standard grammar by having no capital letter at the beginning, as well as no apostrophe in, ‘youre’. The abbreviation,’ bbm,’ standing for Blackberry messenger, shows that the participants have a shared knowledge and making the conversation more informal, through the use of more spoken language rather than written.

‘As in school work or chilli banana work?’ – The use of the adjective phrase, ‘chilli banana work?’ shows that the participants are familiar with one another and have a shared knowledge, as this is not a well known colloquial phrase. It is ambiguous as to what the phrase actual means, again showing that the speakers know each other well. The use of slang also makes the text much more informal, showing that although it is a written text, it is actually closer to a spontaneous, spoken conversation, than a planned piece of writing.

3

R: king’s speech!

S: i know right! i went to see it with my new best friends…

R: :O who?!

S: why my mother and darling little sister of course!

R: hmphh no competition

S: yeh… they run circles around you, you need to shape up, maybe if you surprised me more with chocolatey gifts i’d reconsider

R: i’ve given you chocolate in the past…

S: remember that time you said you made us some cakes but then ate them?

R: they weren’t even for you! you’d have gotten crumbs

S: see this is why you’ve been replaced. y’all have issues…

R: am I allowed to swear?

S: Ro ro row your boat…

R: stop

S: Ro

R: oh no she didn’t!

S: hmm refrain from doing so…

R: hahaha! i don’t even know any swear words anyway!

S: me neither

R: ‘darn it’ is the worst i’ve got

S: reb

R: how was black swan?

S: sososososooo good! a bit disturbing though

R: whatevs

exactly

not fun

S: i can see why you’d have freaked

R: i’m not having another grudge 2 incident

S: hahaha, wasn’t quite grudge scary ro

R: m,dfthhmfvhjghj

hmmm i think i’ll read my book for a bit…

S: nahhh

right.

i hate my keyboard.

R: porquoi?

S: it’s not co-operating

R: maybe it’s you that isn’t co-operating with destiny

ooooooh i’m deep

S: haha is ‘read’ code for ‘get some cake and watch tv’?

R: no! i’m gonna read my book. which is the subtle knife by Philip Pullman

S: you can admit it rosi

nobody will judge you. much..

R: i seriously just got my book ready! it’s on my lap as we speak, waiting for me to open it

S: hah okay i believe you

R: chapter 8- the tower of the angels…

S: oooooh

dancing on ice is on!

yessss

R: cba with that

i’ve realised why i’ve been watching less tv – my new freeview box puts itself on standby all the time, so if i want to watch it i have to turn 2 things on, and frankly, i’m too lazy

anyway, yeah, bye

xxxx

S: and you say i’m lazy?

byee xxx

1. “Hmphh” – feature of spoken language, usually phatic – however in this context it is not phatic; it is used to express mock resentment.

2. “I’ve given you chocolate in the past…” ellipses = pragmatic feature of written language, used to insinuate or imply something.

3. No greetings such as “hello” – instead R starts immediately with the topic “The King’s Speech” – less spoken feature as it makes the conversation more succint; she goes straight to what she wants to gain from the conversation. Less formal, doesn’t abide by typical rules of conversation.

4. “whatevs” – colluquialism – more spoken feature of language; indication that the conversation is less formal.

5. “cba” – abbreviation specific to computer/text-based written conversation, an example of taboo language, which makes it informal.

6. The turn-taking rule is followed, making the text more spoken. Each turn consists of a phrase/clause as opposed to sentence, which is also a feature of spoken language.

7. It is almost entirely written in non-standard english; there is a lack of capital letters and punctuation, making the text appear more informal.

8. Clichéd exclamations such as ‘oh no she didn’t!’ make the text appear more spoken, and much more informal.

9.  S uses the discourse marker ‘right’, taking control of the conversation by bringing it back to herself.

10.  R is in control of both starting and closing the conversation: she says ‘anyway, yeah, bye’, which defies normal rules of conversation, showing that the ‘facebook chat’ phenomenon has redefined what is deemed as polite.

11. R uses the abrupt imperative ‘stop’, making the tone more informal and familiar, and suggesting that she is in control of the conversation, and wants to stop S from digressing so that she can achieve her own aims.

12. The contraction ‘gonna’ is a feature of informal spoken language, and therefore gives the impression that the conversation is immediate, and temporary as opposed to permanent.

4

a: Heyyy

b: hi

a: how are you?

b: alright thanks, bit tired, got sooo much homework:/

a: ahh yeah same, college is so grim

b: agreed

a: oh yeah, was gonna ask do you have a ranger rover?

b: yeah haha why?

a: oh i think i i saw you in hale on friday lol

b: haaaa what colour was the car? i don’t think so, i came straight home

a: uhh don’t remember :S but i think i was wearing a hat

b: hahaa, i was actually wearing a hat on friday but i was def not in hale

a: hmmm you must have a twin then..

b: this is possible

a: are you definitely sure?!!!?! i’m psiitive it was you

b: yes!!! i came straight home and had a  4 hour nap looll

a: hahaha oh dear

b: shut up, college gets me well tired. had mocks every day last week, actually wanted to die

a: so grimmmm, mine were before christmas )))

b: don’t care shut up go away

a: hahahaaaaa absolutely ripped, how did they go?

b: as well as they could have with minimal sleep and poor rev

a: ouch

b: yeeeee

Analysis

The use of the colloquialism and opener “Heyy” is phatic and is used to help begin the conversation. It also has non standard spelling, possibly to express emotion and make the conversation lively.

Another colloquialism used is “oh yeah” and this is used to change topic. For person “a” the purpose of the conversation may be to ask questions to find out if his/her assumptions were correct and so they use “oh yeah” to switch topics and make sure the conversation is heading in their desired direction.

Conversational lexis like “yeah” and “haaa” is used to keep the flow of the conversation and make it more spoken although it is a piece of written text. They can also serve as supportive minimal vocalisations.

The hesitation indicator, “uhhh” is used possibly to give the person time to think whilst typing or it is something the reader thought and then typed. This hesitation indicator is often used in spoken language for thinking time and so the person can keep their turn in the conversation.

The abbreviations from the adverb of modality “definitely” into “def” and from the verb phrase  “going to” into “gonna”  makes the conversation more informal and spoken. It may have also been used for quicker typing.

What also makes this written conversation quite spoken is the fact that although it is text, the responses are immediate and interactive.

However, what keeps it written is that there is no interference or overlapping between responses as would happen in a spoken conversation.

This conversation is written because there are formal standard questions with punctuation (question marks) such as “what colour was the car?” and “how did they go?”

What makes this text again more spoken than written is when beginnings of sentences are missed out. For example, the pronoun “I” is missed out in the main clause, “don’t care”.

The discourse marker, “actually” is used in the clause, “actually wanted to die”. It has no purpose here and is not needed. However, it can help to exaggerate what person “b” is trying to say.

5

My sis got the worst present ever. Feel free to hazard a guess
B – Er, not sure i want to. got or gave the worst?
A – Got.
B – Oh, Justin Beiber
A – Yup. Not only did she get 2 copies of his annual, his biography and his cds, she also got concert tickets.
B –:/ well.. if it makes her happy
A – I guess. My mum’s mourning her bank statement though.
B – really o_o how much?
A – Oh, not ’cause of that – £40 I think – no she’s in mourning ’cause it now says she bought Justin Beiber concert tickets on her bank statement.
B – not bad, and yeah i guess you would be
A- wth is with the windows?
B – i’ve still not actually got my present off of beth yet but apparently it arrived last friday and i’ll get it this friday.
windows?
A – yeah, all the windows on my comp’ keep openiong and closing.
and i can’t type
B – you’ve not got anything pressed have you
A – nope, it’s sorted
does that mean she imported something for you or just that it was dramatically delayed due to our incompetent postal service
B – i need to go to bed:/ come on again sometime soon! erm i don’t know, it was possibly a tee shirt but she said it had wrapping saying it wasn’t suitable for children under 3, so i can deduce it’s not a shirt and in her words, she’ll have to rethink that one
not suitable for me, eh
A – of course! and you’re a lightwieght when it comes to sleep then
or is it just with having to get up earlier than you used to?
B – i dunno, getting up at half 6 for school is slowly killing me, and if i don’t sleep well im so rotten by friday night it ridiculous
A – okay, well I guess I’ll let you have your beauty sleep then since you seem to be in dire need of it
B – okay okay : )
night night xxx
A – night xxx

A uses consistent puntctuation such as ‘you’re’ where as B uses punctualtion less mainly for emphasis such as the exclamation mark in  ‘soon!’ and the elipsis ‘well…’ showing that B is being more informal, but the need for punctuation such as ‘!’ shows that the text is more written as they are distant, and they are not implyed.

B also uses more fullstops to make complete sentances making the converstion more formal and written.

Both use colloqualisms through out such as ‘dunno’ and ‘nope’ showing the informal nature of the conversation making it seem more spoken as it is informal and shows the participants are at ease.

The mistake ‘openioning’ shows the conversation is spontaneous and therefore more spoken and it has not been rehearsed or thought through.

The use of nonstandard English such as ‘sis’ and ‘okay’ show the conversation is more spoken as it is informal.

The filler ‘er’ shows the conversation is spoken and it is phatic, showing the conversation is spontaneous as it has no purpose in the conversation.

A seems more in control of the conversation as she controls the topics, as when they speak at the same time its is A comment which is carried on, and she only responds to B after they have finished that topic.

Although A opened the conversation, it is B who ends it, although it takes six exchanges to actually end the conversation.

The interruptions on lines 13 and 14 show the conversation is more written as they cannot take visual cues from each other for turn taking, and general rules of the conversation.

The use of symbols such as ‘J’ show the conversation is written as they would normally be implied by body language and facial expressions but here it needs to be explicitly said.

The abbreviation ‘wth’ shows conversation is more spoken as it is more informal, but also shows it is slightly written as it is a written term.

6

Annie, I’ve practically ran out of credit so telling you on this. Hopefully you’ll get this before I see you tomorrow anyway but was just going to say ill show you the tops tomorrow because it’s impossible on my phone to do the links and add me as a sibling on facebook yeah!

That’s coool. if I remember I shall bring mine too yeah? Okie I will later when I’m on a computer, my phone is being so slow!

Oh yeah and are you booked into the hotel for the edgbaston yet? Gav thought loads of us were going to share a massive room – clearly had got the wrong end of the stick! I was like urmmm noo? aww the cutie. Me and Chris were saying it would be absolutely hilarious if all the guys wore like speedos or something cos the hotel has a pool! woop

Nope we aren’t certain where we are staying yet haha, but i will try and get Mum to do it at some stage this week, its pretty soon now! I know how funny, Lucy was telling me about it

I just sent your mum the info for it before anyways so its chilled. This week should be fine. Have you been invited to the NW academy next weekend?

Send it to me too so I can check out the hotel? On the reserve list I think, but Alex said theres a good chance I will get on it, so all good

The info is basically holiday inn express great barr 2 nights for 1 so it’ll be like 29 quid a night, pretty cheap. Goood we can probably take you if you want

Ahhh ok, thats pretty good. Chris said he is up for that too, Gav is staying in a room with Blake I think now

Didnt know Blake was coming too? that’ll be good! There will be like loads of us

Haha yeah I know, kinda looking forward to it now!

Same. You know the next training, you were right (as usual) it is the Sunday not the Saturday, silly me! and spoke to mum and she’s ok with the people invited for my birthday so its chilled, will speak to her about dates later

Knew that you had! Sounds good, Oooh yes, reckon you can do it during the holidays? I will struggle at the weekend cos your house is a mooch!

Urmm well I hope so because it wont be as good if your not there! Yeah I should just move to Hale it would be so so much easier

What are you doing tomorrow night? Please tell me your not busy

Yes I am sorry! Have this girls party, not sure i really want to go though!

Urggghhhhhh!! You and your stupidly busy social life! Haha no worries I will see you on Sunday anyway

Yes you sure will. Can you text me on my phone? I’ve got this new app that makes the light change colour when someone texts me and want to see if it works

Haha you actually make me laugh so much sometimes!

Shush shush! I wanna do an international comp this summer, would be so good

Well the french open is same time as the Birmingham open so bad idea to do that but Annette might be taking a team to the german open so ill ask her about it and if you can come?

I don’t know if I would be allowed yet, I think I will probably wait until I have moved up to under 19s me thinks, but yes maybe, we should properly look into it!

Yes yes defo! Right I am going to get some work down, will see you in two hours!

Looking forward to it! Have fun

1)    As the first utterance begins with the proper noun ‘Annie’ it shows that the audience is female and gives reference to the rest of the conversation being about clothes and boys.

2)    The conversation is originally transactional with the purpose of informing ‘Annie’ that she will be shown ‘the tops tomorrow because it’s impossible on my phone…’ This first exchange is planned as it has value and is worthwhile.

3)    Using contractions such as ‘aren’t’ and ‘that’ll’ shows the text is more spoken as it nonstandard English which makes it more informal and unplanned.

4)    The non-fluency feature ‘like’ in ‘There will be like loads of us’ make the conversation informal and shows the audience is of the younger generation as this non-fluency feature is mostly used by teenagers.

5)    The topic of conversation changes frequently throughout. Using the formulaic utterance ‘and’ in the complex sentence ‘and spoke to mum and she’s ok with the people invited for my birthday…’ is just one of the ways the speaker changes the topic completely back to herself.

6)    The tag question ‘you know’ is used in the conversation so that both speakers are on board with what the other is referring to, it also maintains the conversation and allows any uncertainties between the topics to be questioned

7)    The use of phatic utterances in the conversation are frequent such as ‘Urmm well’ and ‘Urggghhhhh’ these discourse markers keep the conversation flowing and express the feelings of the people towards the conversation topic as paralinguistic’s can’t be used due to the conversation not being face to face.

8)    The use of ‘Haha’ in the exchange ‘Haha you actually make me laugh so much sometimes’ is an example of emphatic stress. As the people aren’t face to face it allows their emotions to be displayed without visual means.

9)    The colloquialism ‘well’ is used as a discourse marker to move the conversation back to the speaker herself so that once again she is in control of the conversation.

10)A personal lexicon ‘wanna’ is used to show the informality of the speech and that the speakers are familiar with each other so can use ungrammatical contractions.

11)The abbreviation of the word definitely to ‘defo’ is used as the speakers are familiar enough with each other to share a mutual understanding of the abbreviation. It also implies the conversation is between two younger people.

12)The omission of ‘I’ in ‘Right I’m going to get some work done, will see you in two hours’ makes the conversation spontaneous and as it is informal between two friends it is unnecessary to include the lexis ‘I’ as both people can follow the conversation with the omission.

7

 

A: I swear I saw you today!

21:15

B: where?!

unless your typing an essay i think chats broke!

21:16

A: I was getting the 37 in Altyy

Were you in the station bit?

And nope, just chat being useless

21:17

B: this morningg? yeyee why were you in alty?

is this true btw?

21:18

A: Going to Sixth form, fool!

Got the later bus cause I woke up late

and no, it’s nottt

aaah right chillers, lazy shit

21:19

B: I have double free first thing on tuesdays!

Hardly treking in for no reason!

21:20

A: saaame, well not tuesdays cause of our crazy 8 day thing but i did today

going in for frees is such an effort

21:20

B: Tell me about itt!

eight day thing?

say whaaaa?

we have like an eight day cycle cause our schools a crazy mofo

its well to complicated to explain

21:22

A: sounds painfull

I hate having six lessons a day!

21:22

B: six?? wheeey

what you even taking?

21:23

A: Yeah but the only day I actually have six in one day is Friday

Rest of the week frees space it outt

English

German

Performanc

e

Theatre

I’ve told you thisssss

21:24

B: ohh yeahhhh, german you loser!

howd you english go?

21:24

A: It was alright I thinkkk

touch wood and everything, I’ve done fine

hopeuflly

hopefully

How did yours go?

21:25

B: goodgooodgood after all that prouductive revison we got through

awfull but theyre over so im happy

21:25

A: you’ll have done fineeee

And we did LOADS

21:26

B: i think thisll do danke muchos

21:27

A: Bitte

I’d forgotten we were even doing ittt

–        B is controlling the conversation as they are asking the most questions, structuring the conversation and controlling the topics.

–        “alty” is an abbreviation showing familiarity and making the conversation more informal.

–        “aaah right”- use of colloquialisms makes the conversation more relaxed and informal.

–        “chillers” is slang so the use of it shows familiarity between the two people as this makes the conversation more casual.

–        “well” is a discourse marker and is being used to structure their turn and draw attention to what they are saying.

–        The two people frequently use conjunctions such as “but” and “and” which are spoken features as opposed to the use of connectives such as “however” which would make the conversation more formal.

–        Use of non-fluency features such as “like” makes the conversation seem more spoken as opposed to planned.

–        “you loser” is a casual, in-joke, showing a relaxed and familiar atmosphere between the two people.

–        “touch wood” is a superstitious cliché used in informal situations.

–        “how did yours go?” shows A to be polite and complying with the maxim of quantity as she is signifying the end of her turn so as not to talk too much.

–        “you”ll have done fineeee” is a positive politeness feature as the remark is a compliment, continuing the friendly exchange.

–        The overexaggeration in “and we did LOADS” is sarcastic and the apparent ambiguity shows their familiarity and shared knowledge of the topic, therefore they do not make explicit exactly what they’re talking about.

–        In numerous places the two people are not complying with the rules of turn-taking as they are speaking at the same time. This may be due to their excitement which is also shown in their frequent use of exclamation marks.

8

A: Hey

B: Hi

A: You know the plan for tomorrow?

B: Not really, whats happening?

A: 11.30 met

B: I’ll be there

B: Thought it was 12

B: Noo we need to be in town by 12 so meet at 11.30

A: Town or traff?

A: Depends on

B: On…

A: If it’s raining…

B: Who’s coming?

A: Haven’t asked yet

B: well I will text the others and see what they are doing

A: Okay, let me know

B: Sure thing, right, I’m going for dinner will text you later or something

A:My phones dead, message me.

B: Will do

A:byeee

Analysis.

There is a specific purpose to this conversation, which is planning the event of tomorrow therefore the topics selected are not random.

Omission of the auxiliary verb “do” on 3rd line shows this is spoken language along with the omission of first person pronoun “I” on the 14th line.

In the phrase “11.30 met” this is an incomplete structure as only the most significant information has been said and the person has left out “at the” so perhaps person A is in a rush or busy with something else so only tells the other person specific details. The abbreviation of “Trafford centre” to “traff” shows both people in the conversation are well known enough as they both understand this use of slang.

The unfinished sentence “depends on” suggests the person isn’t fully concentrating on this conversation and so the other person has to encourage them to carry on with what they’re saying.Using the colloquialism “well” is for the purpose of wrapping up the topic and sets up the sentence before telling the other person what the solution is.

The Interrogative sentence “whos coming” is a topic shift and implies that the person B is the most dominant and in charge of the conversation. Plus, although turn taking is equal for both people, person B seems to have longer turns. There is shared ambiguity of “the others” because both people share the knowledge of who they are so they don’t specifically refer to them by name, again confirming how close the two people having the conversation are.

There is a formulaic phrase “right” which is embedded in a complex sentence and is used to end the topic and start a new topic, it’s also phatic communication which is often used in spoken language. However the topic closure “byeee” is quite abrupt and ends the conversation quickly without and repetitiveness which is what usually occurs in spoken discourse.

9

Hey you win yesterday ??

yep 4-0 you?

Welldone and game got called off when were halfway to Sheffield

rubbish, how come?

Don’t know cos when we got back to timp we got another call saying where are you we never called it off

thats so wierd, so will u loose points or replay it?

We don’t know yet but hopefully replay

What position do you play

your fbs messed up keep going on and offline but left mid most the time but as i have to organise everyones positions i end up putting myself whereever theres space

Yeh it’s keep putting a’ .’ For you so I keep thinking you have replied lol and haha thats abit bad is your team never the same people or it’s who you can get on the day

hmm ah well and i have like the same about 7 everyweek and then fill in with any other available from team above or below but had a really good team this week cos had to ex first team players who are awesome!

Haha that makes life easier and you score yesterday

nah, assisted one but all four of our strikers scored which is really good but never normally happens like that

Well can’t complain at that though cos our U19 this season I don’t think at any game have all the strikers scored in the same game

really odd but everyone played amazing so we deserved it got a game next week?

Yeh dunno which team im playing for yet cos got dropped this week cos we have a new coach and he wanted to sort out the defence so had 5 instead of 4 and cos I don’t train I lost my position so he could sort them out

And do you ??

oh right, are you on same team as rob and jack? i’m obvs on the same team every week which is the only reason i wouldn’t go for captain again next year cos i can’t move up whilst being captain but love doing it, and yeah but got a school away match in the morning and then timp match is away too so proper rush to get there

yeh that’s a hard choice, is it not weird being captain when you’re the youngest on the team? And no jack and rob on 1st team im on 2nd. Jack said he saw you out the other day

Oh right, yeah I did never really get chance to speak to him at the club always busy so had a chat outside starving man aha, yeah it is weird but really good like I really enjoy it and I didn’t expect them to all listen too me as much as they do since one girls yr above and then after that next youngest is 21 but yh love it.

Yeh he said it was at some stupid time of night! And yeh its really good experience for you

I know, I know anyways have to go but might see you around the club this weekend bye x

Okay good luck in your game x

  • ‘Hey’ – formulaic utterance to start the conversation
  • ‘Yep’ – Colloquialism, spoken
  • ‘Well’ – discourse marker, sets up what she’s about to say
  • ‘Hmm’ – commenting on what the other person has said
  • ‘Nah’ – Colloquialism
  • ‘Oh right’ – formulaic utterance, supportive, in response to other person’s answer
  • ‘anyways’ – coordinator, changing direction of the conversation/ ending it
  • ‘bye’ – formulaic utterance to end conversation
  • ‘and do you??’ – question to carry on the conversation
  • ‘Haha’ – supportive response to answer
  • Usually return questions to continue the conversation without topic change
  • ‘cos’ – colloquialism, more spoken

10

21:34

anna!

21:34

IZZ!!

*IZZI!

my darlingg!

how are you???

21:34

good thanks, you?

21:35

im good thanks love

i miss you

was just thinkin the other day actually how long it’s been since i last saw you

21:36

it’s ridiculous

ooooh i saw your new photos

you genius photographer

21:39

awh bless ya

thank you

and you started it all ))

21:40

hahah yeah i am the brains behind it all actually

21:40

haha

indeed

bless we need to meet up soon

long chats at starbucks is needed.

21:41

definately! ah you see these are the times when i miss garrick, like how we’d go to town after

21:42

lol. indeed. awwh… good times…

peter is back though ;D

21:43

no way!

i thought he left in protest?

21:43

he did.. and then won and came back

good old peter

21:43

reaaaaally, so are the government funding it again?

21:43

the council is yeah

just because peter made a fuss, and we all love peter

21:44

he was my fave dean used to get dead stressed when we did performances

21:44

haha. yeah

we have dean now, but he loves our group

he is an actual babe

;lol

he gave me a christmas pressie

21:45

thats so cute! what was it?

21:45

small box of snowmen shaped choclates

*chocolates

21:46

awwww such favouritism

sorry got to go but see me soon! xxxxxxxx

21:46

aahh ok. deffo

bye darling xoxoxoxxxxxx

–       formulaic utterances are used, “how are you???” this shows that they may not have seen each other in a while and therefore the initial converstion is structured, following social norms and is formal

–       The use of colloquialisms are used frequently “was just thinkin” this highlights that throughout the conversation the language becomes more informal and the two participants become comfortable and chatty with each other.

–       Abbreviations such as “lol” are used throughout. They show the converstion is very informal and highlights that the conversation is taking place online or through text.

–       Improper grammar is used frequently, “chats at starbucks is needed” there are many grammatically incomplete utterances, this use of grammar shows this conversation is casual

–       Extracts such as “hahah”show the phatic nature of the conversation. They are simply there to expand the conversation and have no real value, it highlights that this is a casual, informal conversation with no real purpose.

–       Slang is used frequently “aw bless ya” and “pressie” convey the social and chatty nature of the conversation.

–       Formulaic utterances are used again at the end of the conversation, “sorry got to go” despite the informality of the conversation “sorry” is a formal and polite ending of a conversation.

–       Emphatic stress “ooooh” and “reaaaaally” is used when the speakers have no visual means of emphasis, this shows that although the conversation is spontaneous it is not face to face.

–       Ellipses such as “…good times…” are used to represent a pause in the persons thoughts. This highlights the conversation is not face to face and this pause has to be represented another way.

–       The lack of turn taking, with text being written at the same time, shows that the conversation is not planned or face to face.

–       The informal atmosphere of the conversation is recognised through the use of hyperbole “genius photographer” and “dead stressed”.

11

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Neither. Ever.

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

Um, I’m not sure..

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Finders keepers!

Wait, what?!

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

OI don’t choo take this away from me now grasshopper..

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Um, evidently.. *cough*

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

Welll.. You should, ’cause I’m the smart pea around here soo…..

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Hmm.. Not too sure that I agree there..

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

I KNOW RIGHT?!?!?!

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

MUCH. BETTER.

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

‎!!!”””££$$%^%^&^&**&()!!!!!???!!

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

‎???!?!?!??!??!?!??!?!?!??!?!!!!!!!?!?!??!??!!!!

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Indeed. Hanging my head in shame.

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

NOW who’s the tard in a box?

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

I’m disappointed in myself.

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

That would have been genius.. Without the spelling mistake..

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

TARD IN A BOX
(Like the loxinabox, but a tard. In a box.)

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

‎”I’ll just play one game of solitaire, then I’ll start my work.” Second biggest mistake of the day

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

Of course.

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Ish. Always ish.

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

Nahh, we win.. (ish)

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

We flail.

Wait.. nahhh..

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

Same dude, s’why I try and stick to just packets.. :’) aand also the reason for my ridiculous jaw-killing record

Charlotte Clare Sarah Gilbert

Gilbert Sarah..

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Gum in a box = bad idea.
I just keep on adding more and more.. :’)

Sarah Gilbert Charlotte Clare

Clare Charlotte..

The conversation starts with Sarah calling Charlotte “Clare Charlotte” and her imitating, “Gilbert Sarah” which show they are comfortable with each other enough not to use any formulaic utterances.

The concrete noun “dude” referring to Sarah is a colloquialism which shows they are close friends and cues that this text will not likely make much sense to the people outside this conversation, making this more spoken.

In general, both people have similar length utterances showing that neither of them are trying to dominate the conversation.

The parenthetic phrase “Like the loxinabox” is a deictic expression, making this more spoken as it is an inside joke, not meant to be shared to everyone.

In the conversation the utterances are very short which makes it more spoken as it is more spontaneous unlike written texts which are usually longer and planned.

The phatic word “ish” is used repeatedly when there is a lull in conversation to minimize any silences.

The phatic utterance “um” is used to show hesitation and that the person needs to think about what the other has just said, so is spontaneous making it more spoken.

The colloquial “’cause” which is shortened from ‘because’ shows that it is more informal and relaxed, making it more spoken.

They use minor sentences such as “We flail.” Suggesting it is unplanned because of the lack of complex structures and seemingly random remarks.

12

em yo

yo

hows it hangin

rockin and rollin

great

good day

?

eggselent fanks

ALSO, my sister is going to see jbiebs!

so sad

dominos two for one pizzaaaa

reals? you jealousss

and madsy told laura and beck at choir that i cried when she told me

also lol

i didny

you did though?

just for the rec

and huh about dominoes?

what you talk about willis

im watching the titanic yo

ok i believe ya

not started crying yet

i would only cry if justin was in it and died

we had dominoes in our free and lunch oohh yeaah, on tv?

lol jk i cry every time i watch it

phahah your eng lang set is gonna think im such loser

they already know dont worry

ohh good

also why do you keep missing a letter off the end yo?

thank the lord

what should be there?

well not there but like loser, yet etc

oh right, cos im typing gayly

teheheh

pahaha

pah

poh

pih

peh

annoying ya?

no i like it

THANK GOD

im so pleased you asked me to do this convo with yer

DAYM

seven hens

clucky clucky chuck

plinkyplonk

bingbign

this is not a typical conversation

hold on clive

for dear life

i am actually crying now

sad times

bad times

and this is a typical convo if your talkin to me

i realise

yeahh you are mayn

sotpped watching it now

its so sad

good call

i hope i marry someone as good as jock

*jack

jock ahahahha

love jock, babe

peely

excuse me

donnor

he is fit though

and so kind

and has a good sense of humour

and i love him

such a shame what a shame

  • ‘Yo’ and ‘hows it hangin’-colloquialisms/non-standard English -key feature of spoken language, casual, informal, show that these two people are comfortable with each other, don’t feel the need to be formal
  • ‘i didny’-errors in text show spontaneity, makes text more spoken, it hasn’t been planned or edited
  • ‘such a shame what a shame’: lack of punctuation and full sentences make text more spoken, simultaneous because text is being written and read at the same time so cannot be edited
  • ‘dominos two for one pizzaaaa’: text is personal and only the people involved in it understand the context
  • ‘dunnor’: text is written as it would be pronounced, almost as though it is a spoken conversation as supposed to over the internet
  • ‘*jack’: self-corrections show text is spontaneous
  • ‘hows it hangin’: phatic, has no real meaning and is therefore just used to start the conversation
  • ‘oh right’: discourse marker, empty meaning, in this instance indicates speaker’s understanding of what is being said by the other person
  • ‘DAYM’: non-standard English, used to add humour and show that this conversation isn’t serious

13

A – Just go to Beths! I can’t

B – Oh I am J

A – back field half three J

B – I’m still not L where are back fields

A – how?! Bth fielddddd

B – im still like half an hour away oh okay

A – Mets are on? Jeez cycle back? Are the mets not working? You have to come having a massive snowball fight

B – okay just got off the bus so only like 10 away need a quick shower then ill cycle unless mother reappears

A – kay well were meeting at tesco at three just come when you can J

B – okay ill text you J but ill be quick

A – okay good girl

B –you still out im allowed out! What time are people going to be out till?

A – yeess hurry up! Dunno

B – leaving ill try get a lift will be there just after 4

A – kayy were at the pond

B – ill call you when im on the field

A – no go the other way!!

B – the other way?!

A – never mind just go that way

 

1. Conversation begins with a simple imperative sentence “Just go to Beths!” which makes it seem more spoken and informal like it is between friends.

2. The conversation also seems more informal because of the lack of phatic communication at the beginning and at the end such as “hello” or “bye”.

3. The replies are immediate between the 2 people in the conversation which makes it seem more spoken.

4. The conversation feels hurried which is shown by person B missing out the pronoun and verb “I am”, this makes it seem more immediate.

5. The consistent use of non-standard English such as “kayy” makes the conversation sound much more spoken and immediate rather than something that is more delayed which has taken more time to write in Standard English.

6. Person A seems to be in control of the conversation by using various imperative sentences such as “just go to Beths” and “no go the other way!!”.

7. The 2 people in the conversation use turn taking quite well as neither person talks too much or too little and they both have a similar input – so they both follow the maxim of quantity.

8. The conversation is spontaneous which makes it very spoken and unplanned for example person A says “were meeting at tesco at three just come when you can”.

9. Person B shows that they are in a rush and that the conversation is hurried when they use the question and simple sentence put together “you still out I’m allowed out”. The emission of the question mark is informal and shows how immediate the conversation is.

10. The discourse marker “okay” makes the conversation more spontaneous and spoken.

11. By beginning the conversation with the imperative simple sentence “Just go to Beths”, the direct message could be seen as quite rude and could potentially threaten Person B’s face, however the personal nature of the conversation makes the sentence seem informal.

12. The lack of punctuation used throughout the conversation also makes it seem more spontaneous for example person B says “okay just got off the bus so only like 10 away need a quick shower then ill cycle unless mother appears”. the phrase appears to be very informal between the 2 friends and unplanned due to the incorrect grammar.

 

14

A: yeah same …welll i haven’t really finished it

16:58

B: this saturday? we could watch?

16:59

A: yepppp for shizz …..wait the sequel or the first one?

16:59

B: sequl

sequel*

also

i really like hey soul sister

A: oh well tell me what happens in the end then

16:59

B: its not as good as the original

BUT

16:59

A: BUT….

16:59

B: i love blaine’s (is that right) facial expression

16:59

A: yep blaine is correct

B: he is soooo gorgeous

and i don’t really use the word gorgeous

17:00

A: why what’s it like?

17:00

B: coz i normally think its gross

but that is what he is

http://www.facebook.com/l.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DX-Ysqz_sMU0%26feature%3Dchannel&h=5eff1

hey soul sister?

17:00

A: mehhh i don’t like the song so in my opinion he sings it better

B: what

ok

will ignore that

i like it

17:01

A: aaaah he’s so cute

17:01

B: and what were you asking about?

17:01

A:

and i like the thedobedobedobedobe thing

B: YESSS

but what were you asking about?

17:02

A: i don’t remember and HOW COOL IS IT!

17:02

B: YESSSSSSSS

i just keep watching them both

he is so addictive

i like the oohhh

bits

ohhhshhoo bits

A: true the bit where he says he’s gangsta is like that guy that said damn yesterday though tad cringe

17:04

B: noooooooo

aagagafiogeahogesiosedseioptgser

ewststiojsesetset

i love it

17:04

A: yessssssss

fuefhru;ERewjfu sorry

17:04

B: hahalol thanks

i love the bit in teenage dreams when he goes

Yehhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh

i am like ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh

my heart stops when you look at me

ahahahaha

afsegsegkiseg

17:05

A: oh you what are you like

17:06

B: kurt is so besotten in him aswell

i am jealous

17:06

A: plus kurt can sing better than you bad times

B: shut ypupuupupupu

i am a girl

more chance in real life

50% more chance

17:07

A: what if he’s 90% gay like stephen fry

17:07

B: http://www.facebook.com/l.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3D74tWXJEWD3U&h=5eff1

watch this

and

don’t care

A: LOL i do know that verbs are action words englishlanuage in every day life

17:12

B: brittany is a ledge

teenage dreams almost has 10 million views i literally think i was all of them

17:12

A: very true lol at the person who said she was cute

17:13

B: yehhh

A: riggggghhht i ‘m off see you tomorrow in the cold and dark and then in subway and then at school and then walking home

17:15

B: bi xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

p.s

yourfacebook chat is awful

constantly goes on and offline

17:16

A:  well i have been here constantly

xxxxxxxx

Identified features

1)     Over extension of letters, example ‘riggggghhht’ this shows informality, it could be written in a way it would be pronounced if it was spoken. Spoken feature.

2)     Smiley faces to express emotion ‘J’ written feature to express emotion because not speaking face to face. Written feature.

3)     Initialism- ‘OMG’ – oh my god, expresses informality of conversation as it is a not a recognised initialism. Written feature.

4)     Lack of correct punctuation and grammar- again shows informalityof conversation as it is between friends. Written feature.

5)     Talking nonsense, ‘fuefhru;ERewjfu sorry’ shows it isn’t very serious and that the friends are just messing about. Written feature.

6)     Conversational lexis used – ‘coz’informal, proper English isn’t required in informal situations. Spoken feature.

7)     Slang- ‘shiz’ shows they are confortable in each other’s company, saves times instead of writing whole thing out. Spoken feature.

8)     Acronyms – ‘lol’saves time, shows understanding of each other and often expresses feelings, informal as not standard English. Written feature.

9)     Apparent ambiguity – speakers are familiar they have shared knowledge of the topic., so don’t make much sense to outside world. Spoken feature.

10)  ‘Wait’- hesitation indicators, spoken feature shows how instant conversation is, as if they’re having a spoken conversation. Spoken feature

 

15

 

6:55pm

Hallo.

7:00pm

Hallo

haw aar you?

.7:00pm

ii aam gooood

i dont understand that typing

and your wonderful self?

. 7:01pm

no me neither

i am god

oh no

not god

good

:p

.7:01pm

WOAH.

7:01pm

and violin lesson was gurddd.

7:01pm

you are a religious bunch.

7:01pm

teacher very nice.

7:01pm

DID YOU SEE C?.

7:01pm

prbs go back every week now

and no! my dad said iculdnt because the stuff he needed to do

7:02pm

wait.

7:02pm

would only take 45 mins and he didnt want to g there and back twice.

7:02pm

you got a new teacher?

WHAT.

7:02pm

ye

yep*.

7:02pm

WHY?

7:02pm

carolyn didnt feel good enough to teacher my wonderfulness any longer

no jk

she is a viola player not violin

and doesnt usually take people past grade 6.

7:02pm

oh lol you JOKER.

7:03pm

and ever since i did my grade 6 shes been asking me to change :p because she doesnt feel good enough to teach me grade 8.

7:03pm

DAS IS TRU.

7:03pm

but yeah, this woman was really nice.

7:03pm

oop.

7:03pm

.

7:03pm

soz for da capitals

aw good good .

7:03pm

oop haha hthats alright.

7:03pm

hehehehehheehh YOU ARE CUTE

so when you nect seeing C? .

7:04pm

Wedd

i have a netball match

and then hockey practise tomorrow but next week, i will hopefully see him on monday as well.

7:05pm

wait

so youre seeing him wednesday?.

7:07pm

yeah why?

i always do! .

7:08pm

OH YEAH

forgot about your disabled chills.

7:08pm

ha

no..

7:08pm

well i dont know what el se to call it!

Because

i dont know how to spell voulenteering.

7:08pm

volunteering.

7:09pm

volunteering

TANX BBE.

7:12pm

right i gotta go tea xxxxxxx.Hallo

kk bbe

luv u

 

It is quite spoken, spontaneous, temporary, interactive, distant and informal.

  • ‘my darlinggg’ and ‘reaaaaally’, show over extension which is showing the conversation to be rather informal and the use of the personal pronoun ‘my’ shows that the 2 people know each other very well.
  • ‘you genius photographer’ the use of non-standard English here is a spoken feature in the chat and shows the conversation to be quite spontaneous, it is clear the conversation is informal as each person does not check over what they have written before the press send as there are many grammatical mistakes.
  • ‘oooh’ is an example of phatic communication, A feature of spoken text, it is very informal as there is no point of it being there and acts as a filler.
  • ‘pressie’ is an abbreviation if present in the sentence ‘he gave me a Christmas pressie😀’, this shows the 2 people are familiar with each other as well as they have a ‘code’ language.
  • ‘lol. Indeed. Awwh… good times…’ the use of ellipsis here shows that there is a pause in thought and suggests that she didn’t know what else to put, this indicates an informal conversation.
  • ‘bye darling xoxoxoxxxxxx’ the over excessive use of ‘x’ shows a rather intimate relationship between both people.

16

A: oh no u r tooo cool hahaha! love how u put gal

B: aha i know and omg just checked weather and its meant to be RAININGGG on saturday

A: NOOOOO quite warm tho

B: yeahhh we will be all damp then

A: ew i hope are clothes dont get wet

B:i knowwww fingers crossed it doesnt rain! what do you think of the menu btw? … http://www.giraffe.com

A: yhyh looks alrite!

B: okay good stuff

A: not that mother earth pizza tho haha

B: aha yeah i had you down for something more adventurous

A: yhyh loads of the mains sound nice actually!

B: okay well thats goooood

A: you defo bring a cake?

B: no not anymore cant get it still sunday

A: ahhhh ok we will sort somethin!! what time do u reckon we will be like home for?

B: latest likeeeee 5?

A: ahh ok thats fine!

– The use of capital letters on “RAININGGG” shows that they are putting emphasis on it

It is informal

Would not be emphasised in spoken conversation and it is therefore highlighting emotion this way rather than through use of intonation.

It is to deliberately convey shock/anger, and is therefore planned.

– We need to know the context when they say “not that mother earth pizza tho haha”

This is a minor sentence, and therefore does not provide us with much context. Shows that the speakers have shared knowledge.

The word “that” points to something outside of the conversation- they have shared knowledge = spoken, not written

– The use of extra letters in “likeeeee” is extension of the word ‘like’, used to mimick how their voice would sound had they literally said the word. It indicates that they were thinking about what they were saying before answering- used as a filler? To fill the time lapse whilst they answer the question = keeping their turn = spoken conversation. Allows for thought.

– Capital letters used in “NOOOO” show that it is sudden and out of the blue, and so expressing shock or annoyance. It is a minor sentence, improper, indicating that the speakers know each other well enough to speak informally to one another and let them know their own emotions.

– Typing out laughter “haha” shows the speakers trying to mimick the sounds of conversation in writing. It is a replacement for literal laughter, they are keeping the conversation casual and relaxed. It is also an acknowledgement (ie filler) of what the other person is saying, telling them that they have heard/read. This indicates that the speakers are aware of the rules of conversation and turntaking. Informal and phatic.

– Added unnecessary words such as “like” in the heuristic clause “what time do u think we will be like home for?” – flows less well. It is phatic and therefore spoken and informal. Implies that they are not trying particularly hard in the conversation, and so they are likely to be good friends who know each other well.

– The use of abbreviation “omg” (short for ‘oh my god’) shows that they are trying to take the turn, as they have typed quickly and speedily (using a quick abbreviation) in order to make a comment. This shocks the other person into stopping in order to read what they have to say. The blasphemic language “god” shows that it is informal and between friends, and that they have an equal status.

– Inclusion of the link “www.giraffe.com” would not be possible in spoken conversation = trying to use the sources around them. This is sort of like a spoken conversation as they are referring to things around them, however it is not literally around them = they are able to use different sources as it is over the internet, but unable to use others such as hand gestures etc. It also involves shared knowledge.

– The filler “yhyh” is used, acknowledging the other’s speech. Shortened to type faster (from ‘yeah yeah’) hints that they are trying to quickly butt in and take the turn. This is not completely in keeping with regular rules of conversation, and so the speakers probably know each other well and are comfortable with one another.

 

17

 

6:55pm

Hallo.

7:00pm

Hallo

haw aar you?

.7:00pm

ii aam gooood

i dont understand that typing

and your wonderful self?

. 7:01pm

no me neither

i am god

oh no

not god

good

:p

.7:01pm

WOAH.

7:01pm

and violin lesson was gurddd.

7:01pm

you are a religious bunch.

7:01pm

teacher very nice.

7:01pm

DID YOU SEE C?.

7:01pm

prbs go back every week now

and no! my dad said iculdnt because the stuff he needed to do

7:02pm

wait.

7:02pm

would only take 45 mins and he didnt want to g there and back twice.

7:02pm

you got a new teacher?

WHAT.

7:02pm

ye

yep*.

7:02pm

WHY?

7:02pm

carolyn didnt feel good enough to teacher my wonderfulness any longer

no jk

she is a viola player not violin

and doesnt usually take people past grade 6.

7:02pm

oh lol you JOKER.

7:03pm

and ever since i did my grade 6 shes been asking me to change :p because she doesnt feel good enough to teach me grade 8.

7:03pm

DAS IS TRU.

7:03pm

but yeah, this woman was really nice.

7:03pm

oop.

7:03pm

.

7:03pm

soz for da capitals

aw good good .

7:03pm

oop haha hthats alright.

7:03pm

hehehehehheehh YOU ARE CUTE

so when you nect seeing C? .

7:04pm

Wedd

i have a netball match

and then hockey practise tomorrow but next week, i will hopefully see him on monday as well.

7:05pm

wait

so youre seeing him wednesday?.

7:07pm

yeah why?

i always do! .

7:08pm

OH YEAH

forgot about your disabled chills.

7:08pm

ha

no..

7:08pm

well i dont know what el se to call it!

Because

i dont know how to spell voulenteering.

7:08pm

volunteering.

7:09pm

volunteering

TANX BBE.

7:12pm

right i gotta go tea xxxxxxx.Hallo

kk bbe

luv u

–       The purpose is to talk about yourself and tell the other person what you want to tell them, phatic communication.

–       ‘haw aar you?’, Slang has been used because the two people who are talking clearly know each other well.

–       ‘gurddd’ this is mumbling/tailing off, she is trying to keep her turn going as long as possible,

–       ‘you are a religious bunch’ the two people talking have common grounds so know exactly what they are talking about.

–       ‘did you c?’ this is an abbreviation, the two people obviously talk so often they have a mutual code that they both understand. This code is quite easy to understand so we can understand it too.

–       ‘you got a new teacher?’ more spoken that written as there has been the deletion of the verb ‘have’

–       ‘wonderfullness’ this is overextension of the suffix ‘ness’ both people still know what this word means showing again they talk a lot and have lots of common ground. This overextension makes it more spoken than written and also more informal.

–       ‘no jk’ this is colloquialism and again both know what they are talking about due to common ground. The use of these colloquialisms make this text more informal than formal.

–       ‘because the stuff her needed to do’ these are in jokes and we don’t know what they are talking about yet they do. Backing up that the purpose is only for phatic communication.

–       ‘i will hopefully see him on Monday’ no names are mentioned here, apparent ambiguity. Both parties know each other well enough to not even have to mention names and still know who they are talking about.

–       ‘yeah why?’ the conversational lexis ‘yeah’ is used making this dialogue more informal and spoken; ‘yeah’ can also be considered slang.

–       ‘hallo’ this is German for hello and we are in an English conversation, both parties have common ground so can use this word and know exactly what it means.

 

18

 

A: yeah same …welll i haven’t really finished it

16:58

B: this saturday? we could watch?

16:59

A: yepppp for shizz …..wait the sequel or the first one?

16:59

B: sequl

sequel*

also

i really like hey soul sister

A: oh well tell me what happens in the end then

16:59

B: its not as good as the original

BUT

16:59

A: BUT….

16:59

B: i love blaine’s (is that right) facial expression

16:59

A: yep blaine is correct

B: he is soooo gorgeous

and i don’t really use the word gorgeous

17:00

A: why what’s it like?

17:00

B: coz i normally think its gross

but that is what he is

http://www.facebook.com/l.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DX-Ysqz_sMU0%26feature%3Dchannel&h=5eff1

hey soul sister?

17:00

A: mehhh i don’t like the song so in my opinion he sings it better

B: what

ok

will ignore that

i like it

17:01

A: aaaah he’s so cute

17:01

B: and what were you asking about?

17:01

A:

and i like the thedobedobedobedobe thing

B: YESSS

but what were you asking about?

17:02

A: i don’t remember and HOW COOL IS IT!

17:02

B: YESSSSSSSS

i just keep watching them both

he is so addictive

i like the oohhh

bits

ohhhshhoo bits

A: true the bit where he says he’s gangsta is like that guy that said damn yesterday though tad cringe

17:04

B: noooooooo

aagagafiogeahogesiosedseioptgser

ewststiojsesetset

i love it

17:04

A: yessssssss

fuefhru;ERewjfu sorry

17:04

B: hahalol thanks

i love the bit in teenage dreams when he goes

Yehhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh

i am like ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh

my heart stops when you look at me

ahahahaha

afsegsegkiseg

17:05

A: oh you what are you like

17:06

B: kurt is so besotten in him aswell

i am jealous

17:06

A: plus kurt can sing better than you bad times

B: shut ypupuupupupu

i am a girl

more chance in real life

50% more chance

17:07

A: what if he’s 90% gay like stephen fry

17:07

B: http://www.facebook.com/l.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3D74tWXJEWD3U&h=5eff1

watch this

and

don’t care

A: LOL i do know that verbs are action words englishlanuage in every day life

17:12

B: brittany is a ledge

teenage dreams almost has 10 million views i literally think i was all of them

17:12

A: very true lol at the person who said she was cute

17:13

B: yehhh

A: riggggghhht i ‘m off see you tomorrow in the cold and dark and then in subway and then at school and then walking home

17:15

B: bi xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

p.s

yourfacebook chat is awful

constantly goes on and offline

17:16

A:  well i have been here constantly

xxxxxxxx

Identified features

1)     Over extension of letters, example ‘riggggghhht’ this shows informality, it could be written in a way it would be pronounced if it was spoken. Spoken feature.

2)     Smiley faces to express emotion ‘J’ written feature to express emotion because not speaking face to face. Written feature.

3)     Initialism- ‘OMG’ – oh my god, expresses informality of conversation as it is a not a recognised initialism. Written feature.

4)     Lack of correct punctuation and grammar- again shows informalityof conversation as it is between friends. Written feature.

5)     Talking nonsense, ‘fuefhru;ERewjfu sorry’ shows it isn’t very serious and that the friends are just messing about. Written feature.

6)     Conversational lexis used – ‘coz’informal, proper English isn’t required in informal situations. Spoken feature.

7)     Slang- ‘shiz’ shows they are confortable in each other’s company, saves times instead of writing whole thing out. Spoken feature.

8)     Acronyms – ‘lol’saves time, shows understanding of each other and often expresses feelings, informal as not standard English. Written feature.

9)     Apparent ambiguity – speakers are familiar they have shared knowledge of the topic., so don’t make much sense to outside world. Spoken feature.

10)  ‘Wait’- hesitation indicators, spoken feature shows how instant conversation is, as if they’re having a spoken conversation. Spoken feature

 

19

A-     i’m creating an album

and hi btw

B-     album of what?

and hi

A-     of me- the amazing one, and others – u r in 1 i think

B-     oooh 1

when were these pictures take??

A-     i noo!!!

And over the last yr, plus one of me an tash wen i was like 6

B-     oooooh cool

A-     i know pretty damn amazing and mums makin curry for dinnerrr ))

B-     ok

cool

RRROOOMMMMEEEE FLO

aaaaahhhhhhhhhhh

A-     I KNOWWWW!!!!

EXCITMENT IS BUILDING DAILY IN MY VERY BONES

B-     saaaaaammmmmmmeee

i’m making a list

because that is how I deal with excitement…

A-     of wat?

Lamo

B-     stuff to take to rome

i’l proably make like 10 lists before we go and none of them will be completely right in the end

A-     lol

u stanger

the album is alive

B-     i have a thing about lists

  • oooh I’m gonna look

A-     it is a wonderful thing

B-     that picture of you and tash dressed up!!

LAMO

A-     lol i no

it is very beautiful

B-     …wheres number 7 from?

A-     the one of my face

B-     yes that one

A-     lol

it is from piccolinos

in clitheroe

B-     oh

k

  • omg, r u actually were the cutest baby ever

A-     lol, id say the same but…

JOKINGGGGG

B-     haha how funny.

I gtg now, c u tomoro

A-     byeeeee xxxxxx

B-     Bi xxxxxxxxx

1)    and hi btw – mode spoken, purpose to entertain, co-ordinate clause

2)    oooh – discourse marker- creates interest, mode spoken

3)    RRROOOMMMMEEEE FLO – mode spoken, inclusive- involves both people

4)    i’ll probably make 10 lists before we go and none of them will be completely right in the end – complex sentence, mode written

5)    i know – minor sentence, mode spoken

6)    probably – adverb of modality, mode written

7)    c u tomoro – non-standard English, mode spoken

8)    Lmao – filler, mode spoken, phatic communication- no other use than social

9)    because that is how i deal with excitement – Subordinate clause, mode written, purpose to infrom

10) i’d say the same thing –  Main clause , mode spoken

11) im creating an album – Main clause, purpose to inform,

12) haha how funny – Mode spoken ,phatic communication – has no other use than social

 

20

Facebook Chat Analysis

18

Kym Joshua Dolan 26 September 2010 at 21:54 Report

Listen to words words words!

Sarah Gilbert 26 September 2010 at 21:55

Doing it.. now..

Kym Joshua Dolan 26 September 2010 at 21:57 Report

Good Girl!

Sarah Gilbert 26 September 2010 at 22:01

He’sauceummmmmm

Kym Joshua Dolan 26 September 2010 at 22:03 Report

♥ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VKsVSBhSwJg&a mp;feature=iv&annotation_id=annotation_651006

iTunes Version – Bed Intruder Song

www.youtube.com

Sarah Gilbert 26 September 2010 at 22:06

I’m terrified

Kym Joshua Dolan 26 September 2010 at 22:06 Report

WHY?!

Sarah Gilbert 26 September 2010 at 22:08

They’re gonna find me

Kym Joshua Dolan 26 September 2010 at 22:09 Report

We got your tshirt and you left your fingerpr ints boy you are so dumb

Sarah Gilbert 26 September 2010 at 22:10

Are you serious boy?

Kym Joshua Dolan 26 September 2010 at 22:11 Report

YES

Sarah Gilbert 26 September 2010 at 22:14

He’s climbing in my windows, he’s snatching my people up?!

Kym Joshua Dolan 26 September 2010 at 22:17 Report

Trying to rape them so y’all need to hide your kids, hide your wife…

Sarah Gilbert 26 September 2010 at 22:18

..and hide your husband cause they’re rapin’ everybody out here..

  1. The imperative “Listen” shows the conversation is interactional and that KJD is introducing a new topic
  2. Repetition of “words” shows the informality of the conversation
  3. Short interaction time shows that the text is more spoken
  4. Ellipses show a pause which is a spoken feature, and shows that SG is taking an interest in what KJD has said
  5. Exclamatory phrase “Good Girl!” is mocking in tone
  6. The use of non-standard English in “H’sauceummmmmmm” is a more spoken feature of the text and shows the informality of the conversation, as there is no effort made to retain standard English
  7. Hyperlink is exchange of information, introducing a new topic
  8. The minor sentence “I’m terrified” is the use of satire
  9. Open question “WHY?!” is also mocking in tone but gives the opportunity for a new topic to be taken
  10. Commentary of hyperlink video shows that SG and KJD are both taking an interest in the topic
  11. Minor sentence “YES” is a much more spoken feature
  12. Rest of conversation is repetition of video dialogue

 


 

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